Guide to UnderstandinG
Modern Cannabis Terms & Products

  • Sativa – The energetic strain, also known as a daytime strain can help get you motivated for workouts or creative work. Known for its clear headed, uplifting mood and in some cases really motivating. The strain can be potent and cause anxiety in those that are new to use or have a lower tolerance. 
  • Indica – The relaxing strain that is known for a full body relaxing effect. Great for nighttime use relieving anxiety and induces sleep. Important to note that it can lean toward depressive feelings, especially if you already have depressive tendencies. 
  • Hybrids – The crossbreed or mix of the two strains, some seeds are crossbred growing a mixed flower or a mix of the flower. The mix is usually 50/50 but can also be a dominant strain. Hybrids help to give you a mix to help you find your perfect effect. Sativa dominate can help give you a creative buzz head high with a relaxing body feel.
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Cannabinoid – a chemical compound naturally found in both the human body and cannabis plant. Cannabinoids control everything from sleep to creativity. More research is being done on cannabinoids the most common and known are THC and CBD. 

  • Endocannabinoid System – The endocannabinoid system is part of the human metabolic functions such as energy storage and nutrient transport. The receptors interact with the cannabinoids naturally occurring in the body/cannabis, this system seems to be designed specifically for processing cannabis. Further supporting that cannabis is a medicine. 
  • Terpenes – The compound that controls the taste. Terpenes can only be tasted at certain temperatures so they are often used in vapes to get a full flower profile. 
  • TCH – Tetrahydrocannabinol is the molecule in cannabis that binds to the cannabinoid receptor in the human brain. This is the cannabinoid that is responsible for the head high feeling.  
  • CBD – Cannabidiol is the second most known and present molecule in cannabis. CBD is non-intoxicating, meaning it doesn’t have any “head high” feeling associated with it, however, it is known for having multiple health benefits.       

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  • CBN – Cannabidiol like CBD is a non- intoxicating compound. CBN is credited with helping with sleep and has the relaxing effect of TCH but the research is still on going and although it’s exciting we are still learning about this cannabinoid. 
  • Flower – The traditional consumption method. Flower is cut, dried and cured for consistency and consumption. Once dried it can be rolled in a joint, packed in a bowl, bong or vaporizer. Flower is also the base for every cannabis product on the market. 
  • Pre-Rolls – Premade joints, available with a variety of sizes, quantities, and potency. Potency can depend on the flower or the type of pre-roll. Some are flower in paper others can be infused or rolled in Keif. 
  • Keif – Usually refers to the ground plant matter that is caught in the mesh screen of a grinder. Keif can also be extracted by freezing and shaking the buds. This powerful TCH and terpene-loaded resin powder is then added to either a bowl or joint to be smoked. 
  • Edibles – Discreet, easy to feel effects of cannabis without smoking. Edibles take longer to take effect making them easy to over indulge. Factors like hydration, stomach content, metabolism and tolerance can also delay the effects. The effects of edibles usually kick in within 45 minutes but can be delayed up to 2 hours, so as every package says – start low go slow. You can always add but never take away. If you do over indulge remember it won’t last forever, drink lots of water and if needed take a nap. 
  • Vapes – Or vaporizers offer a convenient discreet option. Most oil cartridges require little heating and give off an often-odorless smoke. Like smoking flower, the effect is felt within minutes making it a fast easy way to consume cannabis. 
  • Topicals – A wide variety of creams, sprays, lotions, balms and salves. Great for people afraid of the head high of cannabis. Some transdermal patches do deliver TCH to get you high but most are CBD dominant used in specific areas to help ease pain. 
  • Concentrates – Generally for the more experienced user. Concentrates come in different forms such as shatter, hash, rosin, was, crumble or resin. Concentrate can be added to flower or smoked using special equipment depending on the form. For example, you might add some wax to your joint where you would heat the shatter on a dab ring. A dab can be the equivalent of smoking a whole joint, again generally for the more experienced cannabis consumer. 
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Methods of Consumption

  • Smoking/Inhaling – the most common and oldest known form of consuming cannabis. When you smoke the chemicals in cannabis are carboxylated, transforming the cannabinoids into their active forms. Smoking is the quickest way to feel the effects, the compounds absorb via the lung’s capillaries allowing the cannabis into the bloodstream giving you that high feeling within minutes and usually lasting 1-2 hours. There are various forms of smoking including:
      • Joints – joints or pre-rolls – flower rolled in paper. Papers are inexpensive and available at the retailer or most tobacco stores. Papers have come a long way and are available in a variety of sizes, shapes and even flavors. 
      • Blunts – a bigger version of a joint made by either emptying a cigar wrapper or using a tobacco leaf. The down side to a blunt is consuming tobacco products.  
      • Pipes – small handheld device often made of glass, thought of as the easiest way to consume
      • Bongs – or water pipes help to calm the heat and harshness of inhaling smoke. The device has a chamber and is partially filled with water. The down stem connects the water chamber and holds the bowl, water helps filter particles and as the smoke makes its way up the stem it aids in a cooling action making it a little less harsh.
  • Vaping – Vaporizers or Vape cartridges of concentrated oil. The oil is heated using a battery in a pen form. Oil and contain more potent products. Vapes are convenient for on the go and odorless use. 
  • Edibles – The body digests cannabis more slowly so bioavailability is important to consider. Edibles are available in almost anything from baked goods to condiments. The digestion process converts THC into a metabolite called 11-hydroxy-THC which means the high can last several hours. This longer effect means that as always start low go slow. Starting slow and tracking your does is important because so many factors influence dosing. Food, hydration and tolerance, make dosing an independent process. 
  • Tinctures – Similar to edibles, tinctures offer a discreet and easy dosing. Tinctures can be added to food, beverages or placed right under the tongue. When taken sublingually the effect can be felt within 15 minutes. The delivery method has a faster effect because the body doesn’t have to digest it. Often tinctures are alcoholic extracts but can also be oil infused with cannabis. The effect can last up to 90 minutes when taken sublingually so as always start low and go slow. 
  • Topical – Most commonly used to treat localized or chronic pain. Topicals are amazing for specific areas of the body, sore muscles, inflammation, and joint pain. The THC in topicals won’t make you feel high even the best topicals don’t penetrate deep enough to get into the bloodstream. 

Swap it Out

Cannabis has been shown to be safe, effective and has non-addictive properties. People using cannabis often report a decrease of their alcohol, opiates, tobacco and narcotics. Below are some suggested swaps: 

Instead of alcohol – instead of ingesting all the calories of a night of drinking skip the booze and hangover by using edibles. Edibles can you give you a fun, uplifting, blissful vibe without the spins or slurring

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Instead of painkillers – TCH &CBD relieve symptoms like aches, pains, inflammation and can even aid in injury recovery without the dangerous side effects or threat of addiction. 

Instead of tobacco – Trying to quit the smokes, but don’t want to get high, smoking CBD can help curb your cravings while avoiding the irritation typically associated with quitting

Instead of sleeping pills – Indica strains have a naturally relaxing effect, many people use it alone or a product mixed with THC or CBD or both combined with other relaxing natural ingredients like melatonin or valerian root. CBN is also thought to help aid in sleep. 


Question: How many cannabinoids are there? 

Answer: There are more than 80 cannabinoids, the two most known are THC and CBD

Question: Is smoking bad for my lungs?

Answer: Smoking can damage the lungs over time, more research is needed on the long-term effects of cannabis. Moderation and keeping vape temperatures low is always recommended. 

Question: Is cannabis addictive? 

Answer: Heavy regular users may feel some withdrawal symptoms such as irritability however cannabis hasn’t been shown to have any physical dependence. 


Question: What is the difference between hemp and marijuana?

Answer: Hemp has no psychoactive properties and is used in manufacturing not smoking 

Question: What if I over indulge?

Answer: The most important thing to remember is it will pass. In the meantime breath, drink water, and find a safe place to relax or go to sleep. Most highs last between one and six hours. Remember start low and go slow — you can always add but never take away.